Pediatric cardiaothoracic surgery is sugery for congenital heart defects [defects at birth]. The incidence of congenital heart defects is 8 per 1000 live births. Pediatric cardiac surgery deals with closed and open heart surgeries. Closed heart surgery is a procedure without the heart lung machine.

Pediatric cardiac surgery is an unique speciality as it deals with very small children and newborns with major heart defects.the surgeries are very complex, demanding and needs great dextrity for good results.the other important factor is that children with heart defects are very fragile with a narrow margin of safety.